What is a lift installation project?

A lift installation project is a mandatory technical document that allows the installation of a lift to be carried out legally and correctly. In other words, it accredits compliance with regulations, work techniques and other aspects related to the installation of lifting machinery.

The lift installation project must be carried out by a competent technician. However, if the building has historical protection or something similar, the lift installation project must only be carried out by a senior architect.

A lift installation project is a mandatory technical document that allows the installation of a lift to be carried out legally and correctly. In other words, it accredits compliance with regulations, work techniques and other aspects related to the installation of lifting machinery.

The lift installation project must be carried out by a competent technician. This can be a technical architect or higher.

However, in case the building has historical protection or something similar, the lift installation project should only be carried out by a senior architect.

It is necessary for the installation of any type of lifting machine to meet the following requirements:

  • Permanent installation in buildings with defined levels (floors).
  • Formed of a passenger compartment that moves along rigid guides.
  • With an inclination above the horizontal greater than 15 degrees.
  • Intended for the carriage of: persons; persons and objects; objects only. If the carrier is accessible and fitted with controls , that they are within the reach of a person inside the carrier.

These are the elements that we have to solve in the project for the installation of a lift:

  • Accessibility: Getting from the Street to the Elevator Door
  • Lift Shaft: Minimum Elevator Shaft Width and Depth
  • Enclosure: All floors
  • Structure: If we have to open holes in the floor slab
  • Sound Insulation: No Disturbance to Neighbours
  • Installations: Power supply required
  • Others: Depending on lift model

Lift installation project regulations and requirements

  • Regulation on Lifting and Handling Equipment. And its complementary technical instruction.
  • Royal Decree on Industrial Liberalisation.
  • Specific regulations of each autonomous community.

When is it compulsory to install a lift in a Community of property owners?

Since June 2013, the Law 8/2013 on urban rehabilitation, regeneration and renovation, established some reforms in the Horizontal Property Law. The law states that in order to install a lift, at least 3/5 of the total number of owners must agree and accept it. But it can also be approved by simple majority if there is a person in the building with a disability or over 70 years old.

The installation of a lift is currently mandatory in the following situations:

  • If there are properties where people with disabilities or people over 70 years of age live, work or provide services. The cost of this installation (discounting subsidies) must not exceed the amount of twelve ordinary monthly payments of common expenses, since in the event that the cost exceeds this amount, the person who has requested it may pay the rest of the amount without eliminating the obligatory nature of the other owners.
  • When there is an ordinary vote in favour by a 3/5 majority of the owners.

What are the requirements to install a lift in a Community of Property owners?

When it comes to installing a lift in a community of neighbours, there are several issues that must be taken into account beforehand, in addition to discussing them at community meetings. We highlight some very common ones such as:

  • Available space: it is important for the neighbourhood to contact professionals in the field of lift installation and improvement of mobility and accessibility in buildings and dwellings. It is necessary to ensure that sufficient space is available (there are also other solutions that can be applied in cases where optimal space is not available).
  • Distribution of installation fees: when the installation of the lift has been approved by a majority, the distribution of the fees varies according to the participation of each owner in the property. In other words, if an owner has two dwellings in the same neighbourhood, he/she will be responsible for two shares.
  • From how many floors upwards is it compulsory to install a lift: a very frequent doubt is related to the number of floors necessary for the provision of a lift to be compulsory. The Technical Building Code regulates this point, but it is important to point out that, for existing buildings, the mobility situation of the owners prevails.
  • The cost of installing a lift will in many cases be subsidised by the autonomous communities.

What are the alternatives for installing a lift in an existing building?

In general, we can say that the minimum space needed to install a lift for one or two people is 70 x 100cm. Therefore, when it comes to installing a lift in the community of property owners , we have different possibilities:

  1. The stairwell. This is usually the first choice, although the necessary space is not always available.
  2. Slightly modifying the stairwell. This involves reducing the staircase by a few centimetres on each side, always ensuring that the regulations are respected.
  3. In the inner courtyard.  If it is a large courtyard and direct access to the installed lift is possible.
  4. Installing the lift in the façade. If there is no shaft inside the building and it is not feasible in the courtyard, the ideal solution is to install the lift on the façade, which is more economical and less cumbersome as it does not require civil works. Moreover, as it has direct access from the street and it is more accessible than inside the building, where there may be more architectural obstacles.
  5. Use part of the space of the neighbours’ houses. If this is not possible by any means, this would be the last option. According to articles 9 and 17 of the LPH, the owners are obliged to give up part of their house, as long as it does not cause any detriment to the habitability. The community, for the inconvenience caused, will financially compensate those affected. This case is particularly rare and does not usually occur because, in general, the lift can be installed in other parts of the building, both inside and outside. Also, in order to be able to do this, there can only be one flat per floor (each with its own key).

What is the procedure and what does this service include?

1 Feasibility study:

  • Data collection of the premises and drawing up of plans of the previous state of the premises.
  • Consultation in the urban information service of the corresponding district of particular conditions.

2 Basic and execution project

  • Study of various options for incorporating the lift
  • Site plan and location
  • Elevations and Sections
  • Descriptive and technical report
  • Justification of applicable regulations
  • General and particular specifications
  • Measurements and Budgets
  • Waste management
  • Rules of use and conservation

3 Basic Health and Safety Study

4 Health and Safety Coordination

5 Optional management of the works

  • Management and supervision of works in accordance with the project and regulations.

6 End of work

  • Drafting of the final building work certificate, endorsed by the Colegio

How much does it cost?

The cost of the project and the architect’s project management for change of use must be calculated on a case-by-case basis. For information purposes, the cost will depend on the contract budget and varies according to the scale of the intervention:

  • Minimum intervention price 7.6 % CEB
  • Average intervention price 7.2 % CEB
  • Large intervention price 6.6 % CEB